State board of education
State Boards are regional boards and each state has its own board of education and the education in State board is in regional language and English medium also in some other states.
To Resolve this problem, the government of India set up The Central Board of Secondary Education is commonly called CBSE.
Central board of secondary Education
- The CBSE follows the same syllabus in the entire country. Hence, changing schools from state to state is not very difficult. CBSE recommends either Hindi medium or English medium.
- The tests are conducted often by the central board ensures that the students study throughout the year and not just before exams.
- CBSE is nature of Formative Assessments (FA) and Summative assessments (SA). FA are the tests conducted from time to time to monitor the student’s progress, while SA are the term end examinations and give the grades to the students. There are no SA for the primary section.
- CBSE schools follow the NCERT books, although there are some schools which recommended books from other publications in addition to NCERT.
- There is an emphasis on Mathematics and Science.
- Most competitive exams in India including entrance exams for medical and engineering are based on CBSE syllabus.
- Reforms in the education system are first reflected in CBSE.
- On the flip side you will see that the student-teacher ratio in CBSE schools is high resulting in inadequate personal attention
- The main problem to this board is fees. It is difficult to pay for the middle and below middle class people. But one advantage for them is central government conducted exams by Navodaya Vidyalaya and studied them freely… for more information about Navodaya Vidyalaya Click here……
International Baccalaureate (IB)
- International Baccalaureate is an educational foundation formed in 1968.
- IB is Recognised by UNESCO, Council of Europe, Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) and also recognized across India as qualification for higher education and considered equivalent to 10+2 by AIU(Association of Indian Universities)
- IB world schools are very limited in India and mainly available in metropolitan cities only.
- this is advantage for parents who are NRI’s or move to different countries for jobs.
- It has a very innovative way of learning and teaching. The syllabus is based on application and experimentation.
- The IB focus is on the all-round development of students and not only on academic performance
- They have three educational programs namely :
- PYP (Primary Year program) from KG to class 5
- MYP (Middle Year Program) from class 6 to class 10
- DP or Diploma Program for class 11th and 12th
National Institute of Open Schooling ( NIOS )
- N.I.O.S stands for National Institute of Open Schooling. This is one of the largest Open Schooling system for Secondary and Senior Secondary candidates. Open Schooling system means it is a distance mode of education.
- NIOS is a national board equivalent to CBSE/ICSE and is working as an autonomous organization under MHRD govt of india.
- Students who have passed from NIOS are eligible to take admission in any regular school or college or university for further education in India and take admission abroad also
- Those candidates who have passed in Senior Secondary with Science subjects in NIOS can appear for any other competitive examinations and pursue technical or Medical Education also like JEE, NEET etc.
- The minimum age limit for joining Secondary Examination is 14 Years completed. The minimum age limit for joining Senior Secondary is 16 years completed. There is no upper age limit for both examinations.
- The syllabus and the books of the NIOS are equivalent in quality to those of the CBSE. The books are elaborate and clear. This is very easy compared to CBSE.
- NIOS is offered Life enrichment programs such arts and public health and empowered women and also offered vocational courses.
- NIOS board also conducts Examinations systematically and strictly.